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REPORT FOCUSING ON CHILDREN OUT OF SCHOOL

REPORT FOCUSING ON CHILDREN OUT OF SCHOOL

BACKGROUND

Africa Life Aid carried out a fact finding mission to the location around Holy Trinity Church, Rejaf County where the Bungu/Gnaji IDPs are hosted on the 10th February 2017 and made anther follow up mission on the 14th April 2017. A report on these two missions was made had has since been shared with relevant clusters and RRC.

However, during the missions, there was no clear picture depicting the situation of the children that are out of school and the focus was mainly on 1003 children in school as their situation could easily be narrated by the school heads, teachers and verified through a visit to the school.

Africa Life Aid therefore made another visits to the location to ascertain the condition of the children who do not attend school and are within the host and IDP community.

OBJECTIVE

To ascertain the condition and humanitarian needs of children out of school among the Bungu/Ganji IDPs and their host community.

METHODOLOGY

Africa Life Aid visited the location on the 24th May and made discussions with the following relevant persons;

  • Noel Jugar: Acting Head Teacher of Libito primary school.
  • Remis Mori Laku: Teacher & former director of Bungu primary school

A meeting to discuss the objective was also held at the Local Government Offices Jubek State with the following community leaders;

  • Mr Peter Tombe Ladu (Chief of Bungu)
  • Angello Ladu Lino (Chief of Ganji)
  • Simon Lokoji wani (Chief of Lobonok )
  • Martin Kiri Peter (Chief of Dolo)

KEY FINDINGS

There is no clear data on IDP children that are out of school. There are a number of them that are enrolled in other schools out of the IDP settlement depending on parent’s preference and financial capacity. According to Butrus lemi the education supervisor for Ganji, some of IDP children enrolled in the following schools that are close to where their parents are hosted.

Atlabara West primary school    25

Buluk A 2 primary schools           15

Kator B Primary schools                 8

Geida boys Primary school          30

Gudele Primary school                 10

Total                                                88

It was also found that some of the Bungu IDP children attend these schools but the education supervisor could not immediately state the figures. However, it is believed that the number of children that are out of school is much higher than the ones attending school. RRC gives the figures for Bungu and Ganji IDPs as 6912 and 7726 persons respectively. According to the 2008 National census and documented by UNOCHA[1], 51% of the general South Sudan population is 18years and below while 18.8% is aged 0-5yrs, hence, the estimated figure for children from these two IDP groups is as follows:

Origin of IDPs Total Ppn Children Under 5
Bungu 6912 3526 1300
Ganji 7726 3941 1452
Total 14,638 7467 2752

From the 7467 children, it was estimated that about half of them may have moved elsewhere either as refugees in the neighbouring countries, others have joined parents in the bushes to work on charcoal burning and others may have been taken up by well of families. Therefore the 6 yrs and above school going children are 2358. From the children 350 Libito Primary School and 88 pupils IDPs going to other schools, the remaining 1920 are not. It is therefore paramount to Africa Life Aid to trace these children and get them back to school. The reasons these children are not in school were listed as follows:

  • Parents not being able to pay for school fees and scholarly materials.
  • Lack of food at home/school forcing the children to go and fend for themselves.
  • Parents being ignorant on need to educate children.
  • Psychological trauma on children affected by war getting wayward

Protection issues and matters arising

According to the chiefs, the children not going to school are mainly within Juba town involved in various activities ranging from:

  • Providing shoe shiner services at various locations in town
  • Have been recruited to hawk commodities such as mobile phones, perfumes.
  • Turned beggars at certain streets especially roundabouts at Seventh Day Adventist Church intersection, Mobil roundabout and markets
  • Boys over 13yrs may have been recruited by some armed groups.
  • Boys are providing car wash services at parking across the city. They are sometimes tempted to break into the cars and steal items.
  • Some boys have turned into petty thieves in markets like Konyo Konyo and Customs.
  • Girls are employed at tea joints under the trees across the town.
  • Girls are employed to wash dishes in restaurants.
  • Some children both boys and girls are now engaged in use of drugs especially sniffing glue and smoking cannabis which are readily available in Juba. This further makes girls vulnerable to rape/engage in senseless sex exposing them to HIV and other STDs.

RECOMMENDATION  

  • Trace 1920 children out of school and Provide protection services to those in need (identify PSNs, monitor elements of general and child protection)
  • Provide food assistance and introduce feeding programme at the school for 2923 that includes 1003 already in school and the 1920 IDP pupils and as a pull factor for children not going to school
  • Engage the children in productive activities within the church premises including provision of playing and learning facilities
  • Comprehensive humanitarian assessment to ascertain immediate/critical needs and more so for people with special needs and children under 5years.
  • Advocacy / lobbying through the existing structures for improvement of security in the two counties as a pullback factor to return process
  • Tentative plan for provision of scholastic materials to 3011 i.e. 2923 + 88 in other schools pupils like books, pens etc. The material will be issued to new pupils as they enroll.
  • Provision of teaching aid to the teachers and the school and some incentive to boost morale.

 

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REPORT FOCUSING ON CHILDREN OUT OF SCHOOL

REPORT FOCUSING ON CHILDREN OUT OF SCHOOL

BACKGROUND

Africa Life Aid carried out a fact finding mission to the location around Holy Trinity Church, Rejaf County where the Bungu/Gnaji IDPs are hosted on the 10th February 2017 and made anther follow up mission on the 14th April 2017. A report on these two missions was made had has since been shared with relevant clusters and RRC.

However, during the missions, there was no clear picture depicting the situation of the children that are out of school and the focus was mainly on 1003 children in school as their situation could easily be narrated by the school heads, teachers and verified through a visit to the school.

Africa Life Aid therefore made another visits to the location to ascertain the condition of the children who do not attend school and are within the host and IDP community.

OBJECTIVE

To ascertain the condition and humanitarian needs of children out of school among the Bungu/Ganji IDPs and their host community.

METHODOLOGY

Africa Life Aid visited the location on the 24th May and made discussions with the following relevant persons;

  • Noel Jugar: Acting Head Teacher of Libito primary school.
  • Remis Mori Laku: Teacher & former director of Bungu primary school

A meeting to discuss the objective was also held at the Local Government Offices Jubek State with the following community leaders;

  • Mr Peter Tombe Ladu (Chief of Bungu)
  • Angello Ladu Lino (Chief of Ganji)
  • Simon Lokoji wani (Chief of Lobonok )
  • Martin Kiri Peter (Chief of Dolo)

KEY FINDINGS

There is no clear data on IDP children that are out of school. There are a number of them that are enrolled in other schools out of the IDP settlement depending on parent’s preference and financial capacity. According to Butrus lemi the education supervisor for Ganji, some of IDP children enrolled in the following schools that are close to where their parents are hosted.

Atlabara West primary school    25

Buluk A 2 primary schools           15

Kator B Primary schools                 8

Geida boys Primary school          30

Gudele Primary school                 10

Total                                                88

It was also found that some of the Bungu IDP children attend these schools but the education supervisor could not immediately state the figures. However, it is believed that the number of children that are out of school is much higher than the ones attending school. RRC gives the figures for Bungu and Ganji IDPs as 6912 and 7726 persons respectively. According to the 2008 National census and documented by UNOCHA[1], 51% of the general South Sudan population is 18years and below while 18.8% is aged 0-5yrs, hence, the estimated figure for children from these two IDP groups is as follows:

Origin of IDPs Total Ppn Children Under 5
Bungu 6912 3526 1300
Ganji 7726 3941 1452
Total 14,638 7467 2752

From the 7467 children, it was estimated that about half of them may have moved elsewhere either as refugees in the neighbouring countries, others have joined parents in the bushes to work on charcoal burning and others may have been taken up by well of families. Therefore the 6 yrs and above school going children are 2358. From the children 350 Libito Primary School and 88 pupils IDPs going to other schools, the remaining 1920 are not. It is therefore paramount to Africa Life Aid to trace these children and get them back to school. The reasons these children are not in school were listed as follows:

  • Parents not being able to pay for school fees and scholarly materials.
  • Lack of food at home/school forcing the children to go and fend for themselves.
  • Parents being ignorant on need to educate children.
  • Psychological trauma on children affected by war getting wayward

Protection issues and matters arising

According to the chiefs, the children not going to school are mainly within Juba town involved in various activities ranging from:

  • Providing shoe shiner services at various locations in town
  • Have been recruited to hawk commodities such as mobile phones, perfumes.
  • Turned beggars at certain streets especially roundabouts at Seventh Day Adventist Church intersection, Mobil roundabout and markets
  • Boys over 13yrs may have been recruited by some armed groups.
  • Boys are providing car wash services at parking across the city. They are sometimes tempted to break into the cars and steal items.
  • Some boys have turned into petty thieves in markets like Konyo Konyo and Customs.
  • Girls are employed at tea joints under the trees across the town.
  • Girls are employed to wash dishes in restaurants.
  • Some children both boys and girls are now engaged in use of drugs especially sniffing glue and smoking cannabis which are readily available in Juba. This further makes girls vulnerable to rape/engage in senseless sex exposing them to HIV and other STDs.

RECOMMENDATION  

  • Trace 1920 children out of school and Provide protection services to those in need (identify PSNs, monitor elements of general and child protection)
  • Provide food assistance and introduce feeding programme at the school for 2923 that includes 1003 already in school and the 1920 IDP pupils and as a pull factor for children not going to school
  • Engage the children in productive activities within the church premises including provision of playing and learning facilities
  • Comprehensive humanitarian assessment to ascertain immediate/critical needs and more so for people with special needs and children under 5years.
  • Advocacy / lobbying through the existing structures for improvement of security in the two counties as a pullback factor to return process
  • Tentative plan for provision of scholastic materials to 3011 i.e. 2923 + 88 in other schools pupils like books, pens etc. The material will be issued to new pupils as they enroll.
  • Provision of teaching aid to the teachers and the school and some incentive to boost morale.

 

Leave a Comment